How To Invest in the Qatar Exchange in 6 steps
Pick a Broker: Brokers are the authorised intermediaries to trade financial assets on the Qatar Exchange.
Open a Trading Account with a local broker: The only requirement is to be of legal age and have a Qatar residence. The broker will provide you with access to their investment platforms, allowing you to send purchase and sale orders to the central system of the Qatar Exchange.
Choose the Financial Asset to Invest in: The investor has to decide whether to invest in shares, sovereign bonds, or corporate bonds.
After deciding, send a Buy order through the broker: This means you have to submit a purchase order for a financial asset. It is possible to set a limit price or a market price of the selected asset.
The financial transaction is completed when the buy and sell prices match: When the bidding price (the buyer) of a financial asset coincides with the asking price (the seller), the trade gets executed. The Brokers make the payment at the Stock Exchange in your name, and they deliver the transaction amount to the buyer/seller. You become the legal owner of the asset.
The broker issues the transaction notification and charges fees: There is no fixed fee, which means that when choosing a broker to invest in the Qatar Exchange, you will have to choose a broker that can better adapt to your investment strategy.
How does the Qatar Stock Exchange work?
Established in 1995, Qatar Stock Exchange (QSE) officially started its operations in 1997 with 17 listed companies, named Doha Securities Market (DSM). Since then, the exchange has grown to become one of the leading stock markets in the GCC region.
In short, the stock exchange is the institution that facilitates the negotiation of financial instruments in Qatar. The supply of financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, currencies, and the demand for these instruments (i.e. investors) interact.
The Stock Exchange holds daily "Trading Sessions", for which it provides the physical, technological, human, and operational means that allow efficient communication between Brokers, Issuers, and Investors.
What is a Securities Issuer?
Issuers of securities are companies that seek to grow through raising capital at the Qatar Exchange. These companies raise funds by issuing debt (bonds) or capital (shares). Issuers of securities may be government-controlled entities or private companies, but no matter who owns the company, it is the issuer who backs the investment.
For example, if you invested in bonds from a private company, the company will be required to pay the bond investors' principal and interests.
Which Companies are Listed at the Qatari Exchange?
Banks & Financial Services: QNB; Qatar Islamic Bank; Comm. Bank of Qatar; Doha Bank; Inma; Ahli Bank; International Islamic Bank; Rayan; Al khalij Commercial Bank, QFC, National Leasing; Dlala; Qatar Oman
Consumer Goods & Services: Zad Holding Company; Qatar German Co. Med; Salam International; Baladna; Medicare; Cinema; Qatar Fuel; Widam; Mannai Corp.; Al Meera
Industrials: Investment Holding; QAMCO; Ind. Manf. Co.; National Cement Co.; Industries Qatar; The Investors: Electricity & Water; Aamal; Gulf International; Mesaieed
Insurance: Qatar Insurance; Doha Insurance; General Insurance; Alkhaleej Takaful; Islamic Insurance
Real Estate: United Dev. Company; Barwa; Ezdan Holding; Mazaya
Telecoms: Ooredoo; Vodafone Qatar
Transportation: Qatar Navigation; Gulf warehousing Co; Nakilat
What is the QE Index?
The QE Index represents the 20 most highly capitalised and liquid companies traded on the Qatar Exchange. In other words, when checking out the performance of this index, you are checking out how is a significant fraction of the Stock Market going.
International Brokers operate easy-to-use apps that allow you to buy and trade financial assets (like US Stocks, Commodities, Indices) on any device.
How is a Trade completed in the Stock Exchange?
A trade, or, in other words, the investment flow of any financial instrument, could be summarised as follows:
Sellers (supply) offer to sell a financial instrument at a price, for example, a bond issued by a company. Sellers aim to make this price as high as possible (Price 1).
Investors (demand) who wish to obtain the bond make an offer at a determined price level. They want this price to be as low as possible (Price 2). Then, Price 1 is higher than Price 2.
Buyers interact with sellers until they are at the point where Price 1 equals Price 2. When this occurs, the trade occurs, and the bond exchanges hands between the seller and the buyer. A broker is needed to fulfil this transaction: A broker is a company that mediates between sellers and buyers, ordering prices and quantities of financial instruments. Below we explain the services that these companies provide.
What is a Stock Exchange Broker?
Financial Transactions should be fulfilled through a company that works as an intermediary between investors and sellers. These intermediaries are known as Brokers.
Through complex technological tools, brokers manage transactions between investors, ordering the purchase and sale orders of financial assets by price and by order of arrival. By performing this service, they obtain a commission when, for example, executing buying a share.
To invest in the Qatar Exchange, an investor needs to open an account with a local Broker.
Investing in International Financial Assets [From Qatar]
As we have mentioned many times in this guide, financial assets have to be traded through a Broker. In the case that you decide to open an account with a broker who operates in the Qatar Exchange, you will be allowed to trade assets listed locally only.
If you, in turn, decide to open an account with an international Broker, you may invest in countless global assets. In other words, you can invest in international financial assets such as stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange from Qatar through an international Broker.
The job of an international Broker is to connect their clients with international Stock Exchanges. In other words, if a client intends to buy Apple shares (listed in the NYSE, New York Stock Exchange), the broker acquires the shares in the client's name and deposits the values in the client's trading account. In general, almost all International Brokers provide access to Exchanges from the United States, Canada, the UK, Japan, Switzerland, and Europe.
Opening an account with an international broker is usually an online process, and you can trade the financial markets from your phone in just a few days.
International Brokers available in Qatar
This article will help you start investing, from the minimum amount of money required to open an account to some ideas to consider in your portfolio.